(Capcom's primary storyline)
Los Iluminados (IPA: /los ilumiˈnados/, Spanish, meaning "The Enlightened") is a neopagan religion which emerged in a mountainous region of Spain around the Millennium, known for its worship of Plagas, a genus of parasitic arthropod. Los Iluminados sees itself as the continuation of an ancient primal religion native to the region, though there is no actual evidence of such a link. The group shares its name with an illegal paramilitary made up of its cult followers. This paramilitary was severely crippled in 2004 during an American-led counter-terror operation, though both the religion and terror group survived.
Los Iluminados' mythology believes its followers are a continuation of an ancient primal religion that existed in Iberia thousands of years ago, which revolved around Plaga-worship. Evidence of this religion can be found in the cave art made by an island-residing culture. This religion continued to exist into the Early Modern Period, where it became seen as a threat to Catholic orthodoxy in the region, and its followers massacred in a crusade lead by Salazar, a zealous nobleman. The Plagas and surviving followers were then sealed within the remains of an ancient underground city and left to die. Ruling from a nearby castle, Salazar took on the role of Castellan and ensured the continuation of Catholicism in the region.[excerpt 1]
Los Iluminados' true origins lie in the 1990s with Osmund Saddler, who became aware of the Plagas through unknown means. Taking the guise of Prophet, Saddler developed Los Iluminados as a religion to ensure the loyalty of converts who could then be implanted with the Plaga parasites. Among the early converts was Ramon Salazar, a descendant of the crusader lord, who was made to atone for the perceived sins of his ancestors so he would re-open the caverns. Eventually, Saddler was successful in occupying Salazar Castle and using said castle as a base for his cult.
When Salazar released the seal to the underground ruins, the Plagas were found to have died long ago. However, in their desiccated remains lay spores, which were still alive. These were confirmed to exist some time later when a number of miners fell sick some time after excavation began, and were in a state of regenerating new, complete bodies. Using these Plagas, Saddler perfected the ability to reproduce the organism and took to implanting Plaga eggs into new hosts.
The cult's followers were soon implanted with Plagas along with much of the local population who had joined the cult. Saddler himself was implanted with a Dominant Species Plaga and as such has direct control over the others, using lieutenants with similarly augmented Plagas to monitor and direct the Ganados on the ground.
The villagers then returned to life as normal as they could, farming, attending cult services at the local church, acting as guards for Salazar's castle or working the mines while the cult zealots engaged in dark rituals and sacrifices in the name of Saddler.
Some time before Autumn 2004, American agent Jack Krauser, while secretly working for Albert Wesker, arrived at the village in search of the parasite. He was later used to kidnap Ashley Graham, daughter of U.S. President Graham, as part of an Iluminados plot to do no less than take over the entire world by infecting Ashley and returning her to her father in order to influence the United States' executive branch. Saddler noted, however, that in order to take over the US, the parasites would need to spread to those with influence over the President's decisions - Congress, the Department of Justice, military government agencies and large private companies.
Plan B was to use Saddler's paramilitary to infiltrate the United States and sow discord from within, likely gaining converts to Los Iluminados as they went. Ada Wong, an agent for an unnamed organisation and subordinate to Wesker, destabilized "Plan B" when she sank the militia's warship docked within the island.
Alliance with Glenn Arias
Years later, the remnants of Los Iluminados allied themselves with arms dealer, Glenn Arias, to plan a massive terror attack in New York. The attack was successful though the surviving victims were cured when Arias was killed by Chris Redfield.
Followers of Los Iluminados regularly congregated in dedicated places of worship. Several are known to have existed in the area. In the village, an existing chapel was converted for rituals, and the ringing of its bells was a symbolic call to worship. A cave on the other side of the quarry was also used for the purpose of human sacrifice.
The cult also operated a monastic order, based within Salazar Castle. Monks, dubbed "Cultists", were clothed in black, purple and red robes identifying rank, with some wearing metal masks, or masks made from goat skulls. Among these Ganados, ritualistic tattooing was common, though their heads were normally concealed. The monks are known to have been all bald and of pale skin, but how much is to do with the parasites is uncertain. These monks also held their own rituals, and would pray before a blood-stained knife with the cultic symbol decorated on the hilt.
Los Iluminados controlled a dedicated paramilitary group, known merely as "combatants". These individuals were stationed on the island and served as a stronger layer of protection for the group's bio-weapons research. The militant group was crippled by the actions of Ada Wong and Leon S. Kennedy.
- Koichi Hamamura, ed (2006) (in Japanese). biohazard4 kaitaishinsho revised edition. Famitsu. ISBN 4-7577-2638-4.
- Biohazard 4 Incubate
- Excerpt from biohazard4 kaitaishinsho revised edition, page 014:
"アシュリーが監禁れていたヨーロッパのとある村にて、 古くから活動してきた独自の宗教団体——それがロス・イルミナドス教団である。「教え導く者たち」の名を取る同教団は、 古来、 特殊な方法を用いることにより、 信者を増やしてきたが、 信心以前に教祖が信者を身も心も完全に支配する……という特異性ゆえか、 初代領主から激しい弾圧を受けて衰退。しかし、 現領主ラモンが信徒となり全面的に協力をはじめてからは、 教団の力は村全体に広まり、 いまや村人全員が信徒となった。現教祖サドラーは全世界にその力を浸透させんとの危険思想を抱いており、 アシュリー誘拐事件への関与もおおいに疑われる。"