Founded at some point before 1998 with donations raised from the city's residents, the Raccoon City Orphanage secretly operated as an Umbrella facility associated with the Arklay Laboratory and NEST. Children were raised there as candidates for viral weapons research, and subjected to constant injections and tests by doctors. To limit information leaks, children were not allowed out of the grounds or to make phone calls. When a child was needed for further testing, they were "adopted" as a means of keeping them at ease and explaining their later absence. On February 19, 1998, one such adoptee, Oliver, escaped the facility after two months of being experimented on as part of ε strain research and returned to the orphanage. As he exhibited signs of infection, the on-site security team murdered all children to prevent any chance of a spread. To explain their absence to the citizens, the official story was given that the children were moved out to another orphanage due to it being dilapidated. The orphanage was later destroyed along with the rest of Raccoon City in the Sterilization Operation in the early hours of October 1.